2015 FBI Uniform Crime Reporting Data for Oxnard

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The FBI gathers crime statistics from law enforcement agencies each year as part of their Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program.  The UCR Program collects data on four violent crime and four property crime categories.  The purpose of the program is to generate a reliable set of crime statistics for use by law enforcement.  The Oxnard Police Department has been a participating UCR agency for over forty (40) years and believes it is important to share the crime data with our residents.
The City of Oxnard began to see a rise in reported crime in 2012 for the first time in 20 years.  The increase has continued through 2015 with an overall crime increase of 4.8%.  This is the lowest crime increase over the last four years.  The UCR crime categories and the reported crime data for 2014 and 2015 are listed below:

 

 

Part I Crime

2014

2015

Percent Change

Numerical

Difference

Violent Crimes

 
Homicide

11

12

9.1%

1

Rape

45

21

-53.3%

-24

Robbery

447

385

-13.9%

-62

Aggravated Assault

381

502

31.8%

121

     Total

884

920

4.1%

36

 

Property Crimes

Burglary

1,172

1,103

-5.9%

-69

Motor Vehicle Theft

735

835

13.6%

100

Larceny (Theft)

4,475

4,758

6.3%

283

Arson

27

24

-11.1%

-3

     Total

6,409

6,720

4.9%

311

Grand Total

7,293

7,640

4.8%

347

 

Homicides

The city experienced twelve (12) homicides in 2015. This is in comparison to the eleven (11) handled in 2014, with a 10-year city average of 12 homicides per year.  Of the twelve homicide cases, ten are open investigations, and two are closed due to an arrest in the case. All twelve homicide victims were male. Eleven of the victims were Hispanic, and one victim was African American.  The predominant murder weapon in 2015 was a firearm; nine of the victims were shot to death. Of note, one murder victim was shot on June 24, 1990, and died in 2015 due to complications from a gunshot wound.  Although the victim was shot and injured 25 years ago, the Ventura County Medical Examiner’s Office has listed this as a homicide.

Aggravated Assaults

For purposes of crime classification and reporting, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the California Department of Justice define aggravated assault as “an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury.  This type of assault is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm.”  Injury is not necessary when a gun, knife, or other weapon that could cause serious personal injury is used.  Reporting is required for each victim of an incident that meets the aforementioned definition.
Aggravated assaults increased thirty-one and eight tenths of a percent (31.8%). There were 502 aggravated assaults reported during calendar year 2015 and 381 during 2014, resulting in an increase of 121 additional crimes.
Aggravated assaults are subdivided into four categories based on type of weapon:  (1) firearm; (2) knife or other cutting instrument; (3) other dangerous weapon (vehicle, bat, club, etc.); and (4) hands, fist, feet.  During 2015, there were 121 assaults with a firearm, 181 with a knife, 142 other dangerous weapon and 58 with hands, fist, or feet.  The weapon category of other dangerous weapon experienced the sharpest increase, 51.1%, 48 additional crimes.  Totals by weapon type, numerical difference, and percentage of change for the last three (3) years is listed below:

 

 

Type of Weapon

Numerical Difference

Percent Change

 

2013

2014

2015

2013- 2015

2014-  2015

2013- 2015

2014-  2015

Firearm

70

94

121

51

27

72.80%

28.70%

Knife

107

151

181

74

30

69.20%

19.90%

Other

94

94

142

48

48

51.10%

51.10%

H/F/F

27

42

58

31

16

115.00%

38.10%

Total

298

381

502

204

121

68.50%

31.80%

In an effort to further classify aggravated assaults, a type based on the relationship between the suspect and victim or the suspect’s motivation was created.  It should be noted that the following totals were derived from a preliminary case review of each case and are subject to change.  As such, they should not be used as exact totals, but rather an approximation of aggravated assaults by type.

(1)  Random – there is no known relationship between the suspect and victim.  In many of these instances the victim was attacked without provocation.

(2)  Domestic / Family – there is a prior or current relationship, marriage or blood line between the suspect and victim.

(3)  Acquaintance – the suspect and victim are known to each other.  Often they are roommates, classmates, friends, neighbors, etc.  Many of these assaults resulted from disputes over money, property, or loud music.

(4)  Gang / Tagger – either the suspect/victim may have gang or tagger involvement.

Totals by type, numerical difference, and percentage of change for the last two (2) years are  listed below:

 

 

2014

2015

Percent Change

Numerical   Difference

Acquaintance

88

131

48.9%

43

Domestic / Family

104

115

10.6%

11

*Gang

45

53

17.8%

8

Random

139

191

37.4%

52

Unknown

5

12

140.0%

7

Grand Total

381

502

31.8%

121

 

Overall, aggravated assaults within the City of Oxnard have been trending downward for decades.   During calendar year 1994, there were 1,073 aggravated assaults reported in the City compared to 381 during 2014.  As such, we experienced an increase within this crime category, 502 aggravated assaults during calendar year 2015.

Larcenies (Thefts)

For purposes of crime classification and reporting, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the California Department of Justice define larceny as “an unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another.”
The crime category of larceny (theft) increased six and two tenths of a percent (6.2%). There were 4,751 larcenies reported during calendar year 2015 and 4,475 during 2014, an increase of 276 incidents.
Larceny is subdivided into nine categories based on the type of theft:  (1) pocket-picking; (2) purse snatching; (3) shoplifting; (4) theft from motor vehicles; (5) theft of motor vehicle parts and accessories; (6) theft of bicycles; (7) theft from buildings; (8) theft from coin-operated devices or machines; and (9) all other thefts.  The chart below lists larceny totals, by category, for calendar years 2014 and 2015.

Larceny by Type

2014

2015

Numerical Difference

Percent Change

Pocket Picking

4

4

0

0.0%

Purse Snatch

6

9

3

50.0%

Shoplift

1,185

1,403

218

18.4%

From Motor   Vehicle

1,824

1,583

-241

-13.2%

Motor Vehicle   Parts

358

431

73

20.4%

Bicycles

161

195

34

21.1%

From Buildings

140

281

141

100.7%

Coin Op Device

28

13

-15

-53.6%

All Other

769

832

63

8.2%

Total

4,475

4,751

276

6.2%

 

Thefts from motor vehicles is the leading type of reported crime in Oxnard, accounting for 20.7% of the City’s crime picture. It is also the most preventable. There was a significant decrease in the total number of thefts from motor vehicle, 241 fewer crimes.  This is a 13.2% reduction from calendar year 2014.  Our outreach and public information efforts to discourage residents from leaving valuables in their vehicle in their vehicle may be a contributing factor for this turnaround.
Shoplifts accounted for 18.4% of Oxnard’s reported crimes in 2015. The increase of shoplifts over the past two years is continuing to play a significant factor in our crime rate.  Increased retail in the City of Oxnard along with improved loss prevention and security measures is most likely responsible for an upsurge in shoplifts.

Motor Vehicle Theft

For purposes of crime classification and reporting, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the California Department of Justice define motor vehicle theft as “the theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle.” A motor vehicle is defined as a self-propelled vehicle that runs on land surface.
Motor vehicle theft increased thirteen and six tenths of a percent (13.6%). There were 835 motor vehicle thefts reported during calendar year 2015 and 735 during 2014, 100 additional crimes.
To determine a national recovery rate, the Federal Bureau of Investigation divides the dollar value of recovered vehicles by the value of stolen vehicles.  The Oxnard Police Department’s recovery rate is much higher than the national average.

 

Recovery Rate

2012

2013

2014

2015

Oxnard PD

79.1%

80.0%

67.4%

82.5%

National Average

53.9%

54.8%

55.2%

Unavailable

 

During calendar year 2015, there were 348 arrests made for California Vehicle Code section 10851(a) and/or California Penal Code section 496d(a).  Of those, 183 were accompanied with additional charges:  79 narcotic related; 44 other property crimes, 11 vehicle code violations, 10 violent crimes, 10 weapon related crimes, 5 warrants, 5 for violation of parole/probation, and 19 miscellaneous offenses. One individual was arrested on three separate occasions for stealing a motor vehicle in the City of Oxnard.

 

Numerical Difference

Percent Change

 

2013

2014

2015

2013- 2015

2014-  2015

2013-2015

2014-2015

Arrests (10851(a) VC / 496d(a)   PC)

140

143

348

208

205

148%

143%

 

In summary, during calendar year 2015, there were 835 motor vehicle thefts reported, 777 stolen vehicles recovered, and 348 arrests for 10851 VC and/or 496d(a) PC.  Oxnard’s stolen vehicle recovery rate in 2015 was 82.5%.  The national average for stolen vehicle recoveries during the past three years has ranged from 53% to 55%.
In response to a third consecutive year of increases in motor vehicle theft, the Oxnard Police Department created the Oxnard Auto Theft Task Force (OATTF) in January 2015.  The Task Force is a concentrated effort with investigators and crime analysis personnel to identify repeat offenders and auto theft trends and ultimately decrease the number of auto thefts experienced by Oxnard residents.  The dramatic increase in arrests during 2015 can be directly attributed to our directed enforcement efforts. Stolen vehicle arrests increased by 143% in 2015.

Firearms

The Firearms Strike Team (FAST), led by the Violent Crimes Unit, was created to proactively remove firearms from prohibited persons in the city. The objective of FAST was to reduce gun violence in Oxnard through education, intervention, and enforcement. Overall, in 2015, Oxnard officers made one-hundred and seventy-three (173) firearms-related arrests and the Oxnard Police Department seized two-hundred and sixty-four (264) firearms. These are considerable increases from 2014 which saw the arrest of one-hundred and six (106) individuals for firearms related charges along with the seizure of two-hundred and forty (240) firearms. The firearms seized included: 114 semi-automatic handguns; 55 revolvers; 53 shotguns; 39 rifles; 2 zip guns; and 1 machine gun.

Crime Prevention Efforts

In April 2015, the Oxnard Police Department launched a new and innovative community outreach program called “Oxnard Neighbors United Project,” or ON UP.  The central focus of this program is to further engage, inform, educate, and empower residents as partners in public safety.  This program built on the success of our 2014 Operation Safer and Stronger Initiative and was modeled after the success of the RosePark Neighborhood Watch Program, Vecinos Unidos (translated meaning, United Neighbors.) This program expands our efforts to reduce property crimes by educating residents on crime prevention and other important public safety information and trainings.                                                                                                                                                                                                    Also, our public engagement with the community and neighborhoods is continuing to grow through our social media platforms such as Nextdoor.com, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube.  The focus has been on organizing and facilitating neighborhood communication through virtual neighborhoods, community meetings, and community events.

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